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More than likely Joshua the son of Nun, the successor of Moses as leader over Israel, penned much of this book. Because the possession of Canaan was fulfillment of the oft-repeated promise to the patriarchs, the Book of Joshua has usually been regarded as the completion of a literary unit comprising the first six books of the Bible. All three men were associated with Israel’s days in captivity (Joseph long ago when Jacob’s family first settled in Egypt, and Joshua and Eleazar as young men on the long journey through the wilderness). Characters in the Book of Joshua and their Importance. F. C. Cook dates the book … It was authored by Joshua the leader of the Israelites circa 1405-1383 B.C. Joshua. Some of the key characters in the Book of Joshua are Joshua himself, Rahab, Achan, Eleazar, and Phinehas. Jehovah is his help, or Jehovah the Saviour. Please contact us or click here to learn more about how to enable JavaScript on your browser. On the other hand, the people failed to possess the land completely, allowing some inhabitants to remain. The book can be divided into three sections: the conquest of Canaan (chapters 1–12), the distribution of the land among the Israelite tribes (chapters 13–22), and Joshua’s farewell address and death (chapters 23–24). When he knew that death was drawing near, he summoned the leaders of Israel to hear his last words. The conquest of Canaan took about seven years, and Joshua’s final address and subsequent death came almost twenty years later. Summary of the Book of Joshua Author: The Book of Joshua does not explicitly name its author. . It celebrates God as general, defender, and king. There has been, however, a growing tendency to view Joshua as the beginning of a history that continues in the books that follow. It tells the story of the Israelite occupation of Canaan, the Promised Land. Listen to Chuck Swindoll’s overview of Joshua in his audio message from the Classic series God’s Masterwork. The allotment of the land to various tribes is made to include territory that never belonged to Israel or that came into Israel’s possession at a much later time. He is called Jehoshua in Numbers 13:16 (A.V. Joshua calls upon the Lord’s people to make a decision. Joshua is a story of conquest and fulfillment for the people of God. Joshua was destined to turn that promise into reality. It shows the geographical boundaries given to each tribe of Israel. Thanks for the good work you do. The farewell address of Joshua (chapter 24) sets forth the conditions for Yahweh’s maintenance of Israel in the land. It touched me, so I would recommend it to anyone. It underscores the need of the believer to be obedient if he would appropriate all the God his designed for him. Explanation and Commentary of Joshua 1:8 The false prosperity doctrine taught to the shame of the Church all over the world by charlatans is that if you follow God, especially in the form of giving money to some specific ministry of the charlatan, … God’s promises through the ages were being fulfilled before the people’s eyes. Even more significantly, the book of Joshua serves as the connecting narrative between the days of Moses and the days of the judges, during which the book was first circulated. This account again reflects the historian’s hope that the former glory of the Israelite nation will be restored. The book of Joshua records the culmination of Israel’s journey to the Promised Land. The events of the book of Joshua span about twenty-five years, starting soon after the death of Moses (Joshua 1:1) around 1406 BC, before the conquest commenced. . The Book of Judges reveals that idol worship soon became common among the Israelites, leading to God’s judgment upon them. Later in Israel’s history, after Joshua’s death, idolatry would indeed become a problem for God’s people. From the Hebrew name יְהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yehoshu'a) meaning " YAHWEH is salvation", from the roots יְהוֹ (yeho) referring to the Hebrew God and יָשַׁע (yasha') meaning "to save". Bible Studies in Book of Joshua. Where Deuteronomy ends, the book of Jos… The book of Joshua is an exceedingly old book, written some three thousand years ago, yet it has power to speak to our hearts directly because we cannot read it without it reminding us of our blessed Lord Jesus Christ himself: ‘For if Joshua had given them rest, … The original conquest of the Promised Land is told with great zeal, and the historian repeatedly emphasizes the help of Yahweh in the conquest. God is faithful to His promises. Joshua demonstrates his faith in God as He follows the orders given to Him and takes leadership of the nation. The date of the book seems to vary from author to author. The book’s primary figure gives it its title. The book begins with the nation of Israel poised at the banks of the Jordan River, across from Jericho. Abraham, always a migrant, never possessed the country to which he was sent, but he left to his children the legacy of God's covenant that made them the eventual heirs of all of Canaan (see Ge 15:13,16,18; 17:8). The book of Joshua details how the Israelites conquered Canaan, the Promised Land given to the Jews in God's covenant with Abraham.It's a story of miracles, bloody battles, and dividing the land among the 12 tribes. • BOOK OF JOSHUA (noun) The noun BOOK OF JOSHUA has 1 sense:. The book is a stirring story of conquest, but almost all modern scholars believe the Israelites … Just as the book of Acts in the New Testament links the Gospels to the Epistles, so the book of Joshua is a bridge connecting promise to fulfillment, Moses to the new leader, the Pentateuch to the prophets, and the Exodus to the exile. It is throughout a testimony to the might and grace of a sovereign and holy God. Deuteronomy 31:14, 23; 34:9. All rights reserved.Site by Ascendio, Insight's Old Testament Handbook: A Practical Look at Each Book, Insight's Handbook of Old Testament Backgrounds: Key Customs from Each Book, Genesis—Esther. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Joshua 24:1 Many years went by, and Joshua became an old man. And now all three lay at rest in the land of promise, witnesses to God’s faithfulness. The author of Joshua lived at a time when the people of Israel were exiles in Babylonia and had lost the land they once possessed. Joshua is a threshold book concerned with borders. Consequently, his retelling of history is coloured by a hope for the repossession of his homeland. Dictionary entry overview: What does Book of Joshua mean? The following article was … As faithful and present as He was with Israel, so He is with us. One set of monumental stones was set up in the river and one set of stones was set up on the other side in Gilgal. Do not tremble or be dismayed, for the Lord your God is with you wherever you go” (1:9). This is a guest post by Trent Hunter, author of Joshua: A 12-Week Study, which is part of the Knowing the Bible series. At that time Joshua is old in age, the book of Joshua, recorded how he led Israel. Your browser does not support JavaScript. your God promised you” – Joshua (Jos 23:2-5) This was the opening message of the message of Joshua. As told in the Old Testament, Joshua was a companion of Moses. His name was Hoshea, but Moses decided to call him by Joshua. Discover more resources related to Joshua. The Book of Joshua in its entirety is a prophecy of the spiritual conquest of the world through Jesus the Messiah. Just received Chuck's "Stuff I've Learned That I'll Never Forget" CD in the mail yesterday. The key personalities are Joshua, Rahab, Achan, Phinehas, and Eleazar. In this book we find accounts of faithfulness: Rahab the harlot (Joshua 2:1–21), the battle of Jericho (6:1–27), and Caleb the warrior (14:6–14). Introduction. The name Joshua is formed from the root of the Hebrew word for "salvation." Their crossing of the Jordan under the leadership of Joshua, whose name in Hebrew is identical to the Hebrew form of the name Jesus, represents salvation. See more. Book of Joshua, Joshua also spelled Josue, the sixth book of the Bible, which, along with Deuteronomy, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings, belongs to a tradition of Jewish history and law, called Deuteronomic, that was first committed to writing about 550 bce, during the Babylonian Exile. View Chuck Swindoll's chart of Joshua, which divides the book into major sections and highlights themes and key verses. That is the first five books of our current Bible known as Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. "Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spake unto you … The second half is the verb “Yahshua”, which means “to save”. Early chapters include firsthand experiences (the NIV uses the pronouns “we” and “us” in Joshua 5:1, 6, for example) and military details worthy of being known and recorded by a general. The first part of the name Joshua is “Yah”. The Joshua spiritual meaning translates to “God (Jehovah) is my salvation”, or “God saves”. Chuck has a way of saying it the way it is! Sign up to receive e-mail from Insight for Living Ministries. We have looked at the Jordan and how that there were two sets of monuments that Joshua set up. On the one hand, God gave the land that He had promised to the nation. In chapter 1 we read … “Be strong and courageous! Here we see God fulfill His promise to give the land of Canaan to Jacob’s descendants. He was born in Egypt, and was probably of the age of Caleb, with whom he is generally associated. 1. a book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses Familiarity information: BOOK OF JOSHUA used as a noun is very rare. The Canaanite peoples became a damaging influence on Israel as years went by. The last few verses of Joshua narrate three burials: Joshua (Joshua 24:29–30), the bones of Joseph (24:32), and Eleazar the high priest (24:33). He will fulfill them however long it may take. Joshua, being the character of the book becomes the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses. Scholars who hold this point of view have attempted to identify in Joshua the same source documents that are found in the preceding books. Many ancient traditions are preserved in the book, but they are coloured by the historian’s personal point of view. It follows that their conquering of the land represents the victorious Christian life. The book of Joshua was written to the descendants of those who conquered the land, as a historical account of how they had come to settle there. God’s speech to Joshua in the opening verses of Joshua’s book contains many allusions to this typology. . Joshua portrays the Lord as their general, the One who would lead His people in victorious battle if they would trust and obey. The Book of Joshua (Hebrew: ספר יהושע ‎ Sefer Yehoshua) is the sixth book in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament, and is the first book of the Deuteronomistic history, the story of Israel from the conquest of Canaan to the Babylonian exile. The Book of Joshua is an account of the Israelites entering the land of the Canaanites at the end of their long Exodus from Egypt, and sweeping all before them with the help of God. Joshua 24:26 refers to Joshua writing a portion of the book himself. Updates? 4 Lessons: The book of Joshua covers the period of Israel's history from the conquest of Canaan to just after Joshua's death. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-historical-books He had said back in Joshua 24:2, “… Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods.” It was written to assure the Israelites the Living God will reward obedience, and also to record the entrance and conquest of the promise land. Strange as it may seem, these burials proclaim God’s character. It records the details of numerous military campaigns that defeated the inhabitants of the land. Specifically, it is a religious text that is often considered as a primary source. Corrections? Book of Joshua, Joshua also spelled Josue, the sixth book of the Bible, which, along with Deuteronomy, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings, belongs to a tradition of Jewish history and law, called Deuteronomic, that was first committed to writing about 550 bce, during the Babylonian Exile. Omissions? Though they were newly established as conquerors, Joshua reminded them that the conquest was incomplete: “very much of the land remains to be possessed” (13:1). Characterized as a historical account, the book of Joshua tells how a leader's obedience to God resulted in divine help in the face of overwhelming odds. He called for all the elders, chiefs, judges, and officers to assemble at Shechem, a town in the center of the land and close to Joshua’s home. After many years of slavery in Egypt and 40 years in the desert, the Israelites were finally allowed to enter the land promised to their fathers. The son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, the successor of Moses as the leader of Israel. This history was written to the victorious Israelites who had settled the land. The latter part of the book was written by at … ), and Jesus in Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 (RSV, Joshua). After Joshua’s death, the high priests Eleazar or Phinehas may have supplemented some material in this book that alludes to events after the conquest (15:13–19; 19:47; 24:29–33).2. The traditional historic view of Joshua’s reference to the “book of the Law” is it refers to the Pentateuch that was written by Moses. James M. Garretson, The Banner of Truth, July 2017. “Not one of the good promises which the Lord had made to the house of Israel failed; all came to pass” (Joshua 21:45). Joshua Chapter 5: The significance and meaning of Gilgal . Please note, our website requires JavaScript to be supported. Joshua definition, the successor of Moses as leader of the Israelites. Joshua was given this promise after … © 2020 Insight for Living Ministries. God fulfilled His side of the bargain, but the Israelites did not finish the job. "From Aroer, that [is] upon the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that [is] in the midst of the river, … The Book of Joshua is biblical literature. by F Gordon. The present volume continues that noble heritage and it is well worth adding to one’s resources on the message and meaning of the book of Joshua. God is the ultimate promise-keeper. Had Joshua or the people of Israel sought to conquer the promised land by means of their own courage and strength they would fail – they were to place their trust in the Lord their God, Who had promised to be with them wherever they went. That which Moses began and endured in the wilderness, Joshua was able to claim victoriously in the land. The crux of the matter is this: “If you forsake the Lord and serve foreign gods, then he will turn and do you harm, and consume you, after having done you good” (24:20). We also witness disobedience and its consequences: Achan’s sin (7:1) and the resulting loss at Ai (7:5), failure of some tribes to annihilate the enemy as God commanded, and even Joshua making a treaty with the Gibeonites without first seeking the Lord (9:1–27). This is the literal translation that is broken down in the name Joshua’s (Yeshua) Hebrew etymology. Scholars believe that Joshua himself or a scribe under his direction penned most of the book. The book of Joshua is a record of God’s faithfulness to His covenant people. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Book-of-Joshua, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Book of Joshua. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Joshua (/ ˈ dʒ ɒ ʃ u ə /) or Jehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ ‎ Yəhôšuaʿ) is the central figure in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Joshua.According to the books of Exodus, Numbers and Joshua, he was Moses' assistant and became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses. In Nehemiah 8:17, Joshua is written as יֵשׁוּאַ or Yeshua, the name for Jesus. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Joshua means “Yahweh saves,”1 an appropriate name for the man who led Israel, under God’s command, to victorious conquest of the Promised Land. The book of Joshua falls under the sixth heading of OT History called “The Period of Conquest.” The previous five periods are known as antediluvian, postdiluvian, patriarchal, bondage, and period of wandering. The book ends with Joshua’s regathering of the nation for his final exhortation. It is hard to imagine that more could be packed into the brief 230 pages which make up this fine and informative study." By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He led the Israelites to cross the river Jordan and led them on two campaigns to capture the land of Canaan. Joshua recounted a story of contradictions. As Chuck was talking, Christ was also talking to my heart. The book, named after its leading character, is the first of the Former Prophets in the Jewish canon. S character the preceding books יֵשׁוּאַ or Yeshua, the successor of Moses literal that... Banks of the Israelites the leader of the name Joshua is old in age, the successor of as... Joshua demonstrates his faith in God as general, defender, and Deuteronomy account. Speech to Joshua in its entirety is a prophecy of the Israelite occupation of Canaan to Jacob s. 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