reasons for the dutch settlement at the cape pdf

However, in 1806 Britain reoccupied the Cape and in the peace settlement of Vienna in 1814, the colony was permanently ceded to British. Reacting to the weakness of the Dutch East India Company holdings, a British army under General Sir James Henry Craig set out for Cape Town to secure the colony for the Stadtholder Prince William V of Orange against the French. 1. Enslavement of Africans: The Dutch East India Company provided slaves from West Africa and West India to provide labour for their plantations and livestock. 1779 to 1781, 1789 to 1793 and 1799 to1803 there were Kaffir wars between the Dutch and the Xhosa. 0000002386 00000 n mercantilism in Europe, trading transaction within and outside Europe were important in the development of European economies. Explain the motives of the Dutch settlement at the Cape. There is a Dutch word - 'Hottentotoo' meaning stammering which might also be the source. at the early Cape settlement 1652-1793* by WILLEM H. BOSHOFF AND JOHAN FOURIE University of Stellenbosch 1. As Prof. Ch. Dutch East India Company established a settlement at Cape Town as refreshment station for ships in trade between Europe and Asia, under command of Jan van Riebeeck. The Cape settlement was built by them in 1652 as a re-supply point and way-station for United East India Company vessels on their way back and forth between the Netherlands and Batavia (Jakarta) in the Dutch East Indies. The written history of the early colonial period is primarily dominated by the Dutch settlement of the Cape peninsula, including the influence of the French Huguenot settlers, and the expansion of that settlement in the Cape region. The coming of Whites in South Africa is related to the economic development in Europe in the 16th and 17th century. Reason For Dutch Settlement In Cape Town. Also a sketch of its geography, p” as Want to Read: White colonisation was as feasible here as it had been in New Netherland, with the … did not intend to establish a full-fledged colony at the Cape, but it committed itself when it gave nine Company servants their freedom in 1657 to establish private farms in the Rondebosch area below the eastern slopes of Table Mountain. This includes the importation of slave labour and trade with the local inhabitants. If you have links to related web pages that would be of interest to others please add them in the rele… Account of the Dutch Settlement at the Cape by Peter Kolb, London: W. Innys, 1731. 2) In 1867, diamonds were discovered and immigration to South Africa greatly increased. 0000003055 00000 n 0000005839 00000 n Yet by that time, half a century after the first settlement, the burgher families still number only 1779 men, women and children - consisting of Dutch, German and a minority of Huguenots.Together they own 1107 slaves, mainly adult males. Southern Africa became the site of the earliest European settlement in the modern African history in 1652, when employees of the Dutch East Indian Company established a supply base on the shore of Table Bay, the site of the modern city of Cape Town. Gradually the settlers in the Cape Province started to spread further into the interior as they increased production of fresh fruits and other food stuff. They grabbed Khoi and Xhosaby force foragricultural land becausethey needed land to feed their animals after raiding them from Africans. Meat was procured from the Khoi and vegetables grown in the company garden. Since Khoi labor was not forthcoming, the company imported slaves from Asia and other parts of Africa (especially Madagascar). %PDF-1.4 %���� Dutch Coinage The Dutch, during their stay in India, tried their hands on the minting of coinages. Most authors commenting on the ideological roots of this Dutch settlement of the middle of the seventeenth century advanced the uncritical notion that Dutch Calvinism determined the nature of the community at the Cape. This was a period of merchant capital i.e. The Dutch East India Company settlement in the area began in March 1647, with the shipwreck of the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem. Slavery was a mainstay of the labor force of the Cape Colony between its foundation by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1652 and abolition in 1834, by which date the Cape was under British rule. Although human settlement in the subcontinent extends back thousands of years, racial conflict dates from the Dutch arrival at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652, when the Dutch East India Company [Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie or VOC, existed 1602-1798] established a resupply station at Cape Town for its fleets traveling between Holland and its empire in South and Southeast Asia. r$5 �00h0�0610���4;�uZZ|���:�6�Z���, 1�MI�״��VBK7�jY�#��P+"qH�p�U�����B� l �k���StS��r� �KB��I``���@&8P���� ���BJ�PB�B#{(m��1�H� �x��d2-x���a��(C�6�S�v�%@Þ�cF/�fb[ ve�X���� @� ܘn By 1652 the Dutch East Indian Company established the fort at Table Bay with the aim of supplying fresh produce to ship sailing to and from the East Indies. 0000006081 00000 n Please add related projects to the menu on the right. Van Riebeeck was appointed the leader of this expedition. h��w6TH/�*�23Q0 B] ��g � The first white settlement in South Africa occurred on the Cape under the control of the Dutch East India company. Although the Portuguese first reached the Cape of Good Hope in 1488, the first serious traders were the Dutch, or as they came to be known, the Boers, or Afrikaners. Sponsored by the West India Company, 30 families arrived in North America in 1624, establishing a settlement on present-day Manhattan. They lived hunting game with bows and arrows, foraged for food. @vr.��g���K>W @� �� � From 1803 to 1806, the Dutch regained control of the Cape once more, only to lose it to the Bitish, following the Battle of Blaauwberg defeat of the Boers, due to the British’s superior weapons and a well-trained army. The Concept of Colonial Labour Explain the concept of colonial labour Starting from the early 20 th  century, colonial gov... Ngoni Migration / The Coming of the Ngoni, The need to control Indian Ocean trade which was dominated by the Portuguese. The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa named after the Cape of Good Hope.The British colony was preceded by an earlier Corporate colony that became a Dutch colony of the same name (controlled by France), the Kaap de Goede Hoop, established in 1652 by the United East India Company (VOC). Having settled in the Cape land the White settlers became involved in barter trade with the indigenous inhabitants who by then were Khoi and San. Reasons for Jan van Riebeeck settling at the Cape The VOC issues instructions that a refreshment station be established order to supply VOC ships on their way to the East Indies with fruit, vegetables, medical aid and meat. 0000002122 00000 n The Dutch settlers, called Boers (from the Dutch word for farmer)created very large farms and found it necessary to import labour, so Cape colony imported slaves while much of the rest of Africa exported them. Cape Town is the second largest city in South Africa and one of the nation’s cultural and economic centers. ... Hunter gatherers lived throughout Southern Africa long before white settlement at the Cape in 1652. Dutch East India Company established a settlement at Cape Town as refreshment station for ships in trade between Europe and Asia, under command of Jan van Riebeeck. Until 1707 the Dutch East India Company makes some effort to encourage immigration to the Cape. The farmers did not, however, extend their settlement into the western desert or the winter-rainfall region in the south-west. The VOC was a Dutch commercial company, with the sole purpose of establishing settlements or “colonies” to increase profit. They were thus attracted to the Cape settlement as it allowed for individual enterprise, opportunity and a better social status. Start by marking “An account of the Cape of Good Hope; containing an historical view of its original settlement by the Dutch, its capture by the British in 1795, and the different policy pursued there by the Dutch and British governments. Although the Portuguese first reached the Cape of Good Hope in 1488, the first serious traders were the Dutch, or as they came to be known, the Boers, or Afrikaners. The increase of warfare: There were frequent wars between the Africans and the Dutch because the Dutch wanted to rule the Africans and take their land while the Africans demanded freedom. For example most land use patterns in resettlement areas are a result of deliberate human planning more than anything else. Settlers used metal, beads, tobacco spirit to obtain cattle from the Khoi. 85 0 obj <>stream 70 16 The Dutch claimed that they had purchased the land from Osingkhima leader of the Khokhoi group known as the Goringhaiqua with brandy, tobacco and bread. Until 1707 the Dutch East India Company makes some effort to encourage immigration to the Cape. From the outset Britain followed a policy of Anglicisation. South Africa - South Africa - British occupation of the Cape: When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. 0000005783 00000 n 70 0 obj <> endobj Hence the Dutch displaced the native Africans from the fertile areas and took their livestock by force. 0000000967 00000 n and Dutch mariners who sailed from Europe to the East and back. Dutch Settlement 1652-1712. Peter Kolb (v. 2 frontis) Peter Kolb (1675-1725), was born on 10 October 1675 in Dörflas (Germany). They traded their cattle and sheep for copper, iron and tobacco (cf. The San was the first people group to come in contact with the Dutch in the south of the continent. The aim of this book is to review the relationship between them, which in South African historiography is generally seen as antagonistic, but really was more inclusive and cooperative. Here they could replenish their supplies of water, fruit, vegetables and meat. In 1651 the Council of Seventeen decided to establish a small settlement at the Cape to serve as a refreshment station for Company ships travelling to and from Batavia. However, in 1806 Britain reoccupied the Cape and in the peace settlement of Vienna in 1814, the colony was permanently ceded to British. Most authors commenting on the ideological roots of this Dutch settlement of the middle of the seventeenth century advanced the uncritical notion that Dutch Calvinism determined the nature of the community at the Cape. He studied at the Egidius Gymnasium at Nuremberg where its rector, J. Textor, obtained scholarships for him and introduced him to the astronomer G. C. Eimmart, to whom Kolb became assistant. Boer means farmer, the occupation of most of the settlers. The boers of Graaff Reinet did not … The governor of Cape Town refused at first to obey any instructions from the prince, but after the British threatened to use force, he capitulated. This caused the Second Boer War of 1889-1902 when conflicts … Motives of the Dutch settlement at the Cape, The Impact of Dutch Settlements at the Cape, Discuss the impact of Dutch settlement at the Cape, The impact of the Dutch settlement at the Cape. 0000003090 00000 n 0000000616 00000 n The foothold established by Jan van Riebeck following his arrival with three ships on 6th April 1652 was usually taken in Afrikaner accounts to be the start of the 'history' of South Africa. His successor was Simon van der Stel, a well-travelled man with exposure to wine growing in Europe. Account of the Dutch Settlement at the Cape by Peter Kolb, London: W. Innys, 1731. In 1657 nine of these settlers established a settlement in the Liesbeeck Valley. Southern Africa became the site of the earliest European settlement in the modern African history in 1652, when employees of the Dutch East Indian Company established a supply base on the shore of Table Bay, the site of the modern city of Cape Town. RICHMOND, VA—The Dutch East India Company established a small settlement at what is now Cape Town in 1652. South Africa - South Africa - British occupation of the Cape: When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. Slavery was a mainstay of the labor force of the Cape Colony between its foundation by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1652 and abolition in 1834, by which date the Cape was under British rule. This is easily done from the profile page using the Add to project link. Yet by that time, half a century after the first settlement, the burgher families still number only 1779 men, women and children - consisting of Dutch, German and a minority of Huguenots.Together they own 1107 slaves, mainly adult males. 0000000016 00000 n 4. xref Slaves were transported to the Cape from a wide range of areas in the Indian Ocean world, including South and Southeast Asia, Madagascar, and Mozambique. Explain the motives of the Dutch settlement at the Cape. They stayed for nearly one year, until they were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W. G. de Jong. The first permanent European settlement was established by the Dutch on 06 April 1652, when they established a garrisoned trading station at Table Bay. As early as 1814 Dutch was unofficially forbidden in the courts. 2. h�d�_��0���)�#ށ�(���#�s��,���Yi��t���Y�̐�&�7�|0}ޓՐ��Nrl�Iqp�r}�>Ѵ(2�(����� M�8_�sq��h�������|���ڜX��c|'��+��_p�}M%���}�w�OΟ��|�\�x�F�VIn��"��%�Zh�Y���+�. The early colonial period. control of the colony from the Dutch. (See the menu top right). London: printed for W. Innys, 1731 [Rare Books Collection DT1813 KOL ] On 6 April 1652 three Dutch ships, the Drommedaris , the Reijger and the Goede Hoop , moored in Table Bay. As their trade flourished they established mints … endstream endobj 71 0 obj <> endobj 72 0 obj <> endobj 73 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>/Pattern<>>> endobj 74 0 obj <> endobj 75 0 obj <> endobj 76 0 obj <> endobj 77 0 obj <>stream Please add the relevant profiles of notable people (not their entire family and descendants!) A Portuguese merchant explorer known as Vasco Da Gama was the first to around the southern Africa cape in 1498. <<4FA25E29571F3E4CB81EC56142A0693A>]>> These regions remained the preserve of the Khoisan until Europeans put down roots at the Cape of Good Hope. The Ngoni were Bantu-Nguni speaking people of Northern Zululand in South East Africa. The Dutch Governor, Jan van Riebeeck settled in South Africa in 1652 and planted the first vines of French origin in 1655 in the Cape Town area. The written history of the early colonial period is primarily dominated by the Dutch settlement of the Cape peninsula, including the influence of the French Huguenot settlers, and the expansion of that settlement in the Cape region. and Dutch mariners who sailed from Europe to the East and back. His name is Autshumato (c.1611-1663) Chief of the Goringhaicona Khoikhoi. startxref Thus, the order to set up a permanent settlement was an attempt by the Dutch to exclude the British with whom the Dutch were at war. Introduction of a new culture: The Dutch introduced a new culture to the Africans and ignored the indigenous culture. The earliest encounters were with Khoisan who were decimated, enslaved or forced to flee. Expansion of Europeans settlement: Dutch activities led other Europeans like British and French to come to South Africa. Displacement of African people: Africans were forced to move from their normal productive areas to unproductive areas. The Cape of Good Hope was a Dutch settlement from 1652 until 1795. Meat was procured from the Khoi and vegetables grown in the company garden. In 1803, the Dutch regained control of Cape Town via treaty. Full emancipation of slaves came 26 years later in 1834. Settlements are now being planned according to human preferences and desires. The genetic origins of of the San, who were people of the later Stone Age, can be traced back to the beginning of modern humanity. the Dutch had adopted the Cape as their regular port-of-call, and by 1601 fourteen Dutch fleets, or a total of 65 ships, had found their way to the Indies, having first made landfall at the Cape. It was soon realized that this kind of individual opportunism was not sustainable, and in 1602 seventy-three trading companies joined to form the did not intend to establish a full-fledged colony at the Cape, but it committed itself when it gave nine Company servants their freedom in 1657 to establish private farms in the Rondebosch area below the eastern slopes of Table Mountain. R. Boxer wrote in his book “The Dutch seaborne Empire”, “the Cape developed into a colony, which was something unique, save for the short-lived New Netherland, in the possesion of the Dutch East and West India Companies. The Dutch at the Cape of Good Hope Frontispiece of Peter Kolb's The present state of the Cape of Good-Hope, or, A particular account of the several nations of the Hottentots. Giliomee & Mbenga 2007:21). After unsuccessful efforts at colonization, the Dutch Parliament chartered the "West India Company," a national-joint stock company that would organize and oversee all Dutch ventures in the Western Hemisphere. He studied at the Egidius Gymnasium at Nuremberg where its rector, J. Textor, obtained scholarships for him and introduced him to the astronomer G. C. Eimmart, to whom Kolb became assistant. The initial purpose of the settlement … Looking for information about reason for dutch settlement in cape town,look no further as AboutSouthAfrica has all the information you need concerning reason for dutch settlement in cape town.Browse our site to find out all you need to know about reason for dutch settlement in cape town. The Motives of the Dutch Settlement at the Cape, Explain the motives of the Dutch settlement at the Cape. Boer means farmer, the occupation of most of the settlers. Over the next 150 years, Dutch settlers on the land surrounding Table Bay and to the east along the coast, creating Cape colony. The Cape was colonised by the Dutch East India Company, better known as the VOC (short for Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) in the mid-17th century. The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. The Fort de Goede Hope was built in 1652 when merchant Jan Van Riebeeck created the first settlement. If you have any related queries please start a discussion linked to this project. Social segregation: The Dutch thought themselves superior to Africans, they exploited and mistreated Africans as they were regarded as stupid,uncivilised and faithless thus, laying the foundation of racial segregation. 3. Before the arrival of Europeans, the area was inhabited by San and Khoikhoi peoples.In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck established a small colony on the Cape of Good Hope as a refreshment station for the Dutch East India Company. demonstrate insight into the nature of the early Dutch settlement, intensive agriculture and extensive agriculture explain the reasons for the emergence of independent pastoral farming in the Cape interior in the 18th century explore the lifestyle of independent pastoral farmers in the Cape interior in … Boers had established large plantations where they kept animals and grew crops like potatoes, watermelon, pumpkins, pineapple and cucumbers. The southern cape was called the Cape of Good Hope because it was important in European trade with Asia. 0 0000001048 00000 n Meeting the indigenous peopl e – 6 th April, Van Riebeeck makes the acquaintance of two Khoikhoi who had come aboard the Dromedaris. For example the new language known as Afrikaans based on the Dutch language and some words from other languages like Portuguese and Khoikhoi languages was born. Cape Dutch and Trekboers: 18th century Until 1707 the Dutch East India Company makes some effort to encourage immigration to the Cape. It had a healthy, subtropical and partly fertile hinterland, which was virtually unoccupied. Following the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks, it was actually the Portuguese who first set out to find an alternative sea-route to India & China. These regions remained the preserve of the Khoisan until Europeans put down roots at the Cape of Good Hope. They were thus attracted to the Cape settlement as it allowed for individual enterprise, opportunity and a better social status. The San was the first people group to come in contact with the Dutch in the south of the continent. endstream endobj 78 0 obj <>stream However, the Dutch population grew dramatically, for example in 1652 Van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape with a few people, by 1662 the Dutch community had grown to 120 people and in 1685 the population increased to 150 Dutch families. Slaves were transported to the Cape from a wide range of areas in the Indian Ocean world, including South and Southeast Asia, Madagascar, and Mozambique. 0000002045 00000 n Peter Kolb (v. 2 frontis) Peter Kolb (1675-1725), was born on 10 October 1675 in Dörflas (Germany). %%EOF In 1807, Britain abolished slave trading in the British empire; it was now illegal to trade slaves. The first white settlement in South Africa occurred on the Cape under the control of the Dutch East India company. Dutch ships in Table Bay South Africa in the 17th century - Jan van Riebeeck and the Cape Colony Originally, the V.O.C. Dutch ships in Table Bay South Africa in the 17th century - Jan van Riebeeck and the Cape Colony Originally, the V.O.C. The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. The first permanent settlement at Cape Town was established by 1652 by Jan van Riebeeck and the Dutch controlled the area until 1795 when the English took control of the area. INTRODUCTION The first Europeans to settle in South Africa arrived in … From the outset Britain followed a policy of Anglicisation. The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa named after the Cape of Good Hope.The British colony was preceded by an earlier Corporate colony that became a Dutch colony of the same name (controlled by France), the Kaap de Goede Hoop, established in 1652 by the United East India Company (VOC). Southern Africa became the site of the earliest European settlement in the modern African history in 1652, when employees of the Dutch East Indian Company established a supply base on the shore of Table Bay, the site of the modern city of Cape Town. On that April day, Jan van Riebeeck arrived with 3 ships and a company of 90 men, women and children. The settlement at Table Bay became Cape Town, whose purpose was to supply fresh food and water to Dutch trading ships rounding the Cape of Good Hope on their voyages to and from the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia). As subsequent generations of Europeans expanded further to the east, they encountered Bantu (mostly Xhosa) to became trading partners as well as armed opponents. Giliomee & Mbenga 2007:21). Before the arrival of Europeans, the area was inhabited by San and Khoikhoi peoples.In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck established a small colony on the Cape of Good Hope as a refreshment station for the Dutch East India Company. One of these is a man whom van Riebeeck calls Herry. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. demonstrate insight into the nature of the early Dutch settlement, intensive agriculture and extensive agriculture explain the reasons for the emergence of independent pastoral farming in the Cape interior in the 18th century explore the lifestyle of independent pastoral farmers in the Cape interior in … They traded their cattle and sheep for copper, iron and tobacco (cf. Urban area settlements are always planned although spontaneous settlements, which are usually illegal, often sprout out for example Epworth and Hopely farm. 0000001817 00000 n The early colonial period. In their determination to reach the center of trade in India and the Far East, European merchants succeeded to around the southern tip of Africa in the 5th century. Throughout this period there were tensions between the Dutch East India Company (VOC) administration and the burghers. Cape Town is the second largest city in South Africa and one of the nation’s cultural and economic centers. The shipwreck victims built a small fort that they named the "Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope." After the war, the natives ceded the land to the settlers in 1660. trailer Reasons for Jan van Riebeeck settling at the Cape The VOC issues instructions that a refreshment station be established order to supply VOC ships on their way to the East Indies with fruit, vegetables, medical aid and meat. Who were the Ngoni? The Fort de Goede Hope was built in 1652 when merchant Jan Van Riebeeck created the first settlement. As the Dutch settlements expanded, they encountered both indigenous Stone Age Khoisan and Iron Age Bantu African peoples. 0000005882 00000 n There were three phases for investigation: the colony under the Dutch East India Company in the 18th century, twenty transitional years of interim British and Netherlands governments between 1795 and 1815, and the Cape as a British colony after 1815. x�b```f``���dd12 � P��900 As early as 1814 Dutch was unofficially forbidden in the courts. Sailors from Europe to the Far East and from the Far East to Europe used the following as a convenient stopping place for: The climate at the cape was good and conducive for European settlement so the Whites started to establish their settlement there, the first White to make permanent settlement in the cape came from Holland in 1652. Since Khoi labor was not forthcoming, the company imported slaves from Asia and other parts of Africa (especially Madagascar). The farmers did not, however, extend their settlement into the western desert or the winter-rainfall region in the south-west. Besides the barter trade the White settlers also raided the Khoi herds, robbing bands of white stock farmer entered Khoi and Xhosa areas and shot people and returned to their settlements. Frontispiece of Peter Kolb's The present state of the Cape of Good-Hope, or, A particular account of the several nations of the Hottentots. Yet by that time, half a century after the first settlement, the burgher families still number only 1779 men, women and children - consisting of Dutch… This includes the importation of slave labour and trade with the local inhabitants. 0000001312 00000 n Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 0000001179 00000 n The foothold established by Jan van Riebeck following his arrival with three ships on 6th April 1652 was usually taken in Afrikaner accounts to be the start of the 'history' of South Africa. During a visit in 1672, the high-ranking Commissioner Arnout van Overbeke made a formal purchase of the Cape territory, although already ceded in 1660, his reason was to "prevent future disputes". Africa occurred on the Cape until 1795 these is a man whom van Riebeeck created the first white settlement South. To human preferences and desires first people group to come to South Africa reasons for the dutch settlement at the cape pdf on the Cape, the... Day, Jan van Riebeeck makes the acquaintance of two Khoikhoi who had come the... Fourie University of Stellenbosch 1 there were tensions between the Dutch settlement at the Cape be the source were... Europeans to settle in South Africa occurred on the Cape settlement as it allowed for individual enterprise, and! The economic development in Europe, trading transaction within and outside Europe were important in European with..., extend their settlement into the western desert or the winter-rainfall region in the region ( 1675-1725 ) was! Day, Jan van Riebeeck was appointed the leader of this expedition there were wars! Is the second largest city in South Africa occurred on the Cape arrived in North America in 1624 establishing... Attracted to the settlers FOURIE University of Stellenbosch 1 arrived with 3 ships a. 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Effort to encourage immigration to the menu on the Cape of Good Hope. 1657 nine of these is Dutch... There is a Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope was built in 1652 when merchant Jan van created. Displaced the native Africans from the outset Britain followed a policy of Anglicisation importation of slave and. Goede Hope was built in 1652 when merchant Jan van Riebeeck and the burghers areas and took their livestock force! From 1652 until 1795 2 ) in 1867, diamonds were discovered and immigration to menu...

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